In the early 1990s thousands of Afghans fled through the Khyber Pass to escape the oppressive Taliban regime. Their nearest sanctuary was the frontier town of Peshawar in Pakistan. With little work available they resorted once again to making rugs.
Some still made the traditional red Afghans but others experimented with dyes and designs and after much sampling Arak rugs evolved.
They are made from 100% wool woven onto cotton warps and weft. Their palette of colour is nearly always soft neutral tones, gold and cream grounds with subsidiary colours of rust, ochre and burgundy employed.
Their designs are not complicated, indeed deliberately the field is often very open with simple interlocking motifs and expanses of clear ground. Using vegetable dyes heightens abrash, changes of colour in one shade, and creates an unusual mixed harmonious palette.
Sizes made from 150 x 100 to 600 x 400.